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After the closure of the Bourj Hammoud dump in , the al-Naameh dumpsite was opened by the government in The Parliament is elected for a four-year term by popular vote on the basis of sectarian proportional representation. Between and , a series of protests led by groups opposed to the pro-Western Prime Minister Fouad Siniora demanded the creation of a national unity government, over which the mostly Shia opposition groups would have veto power. Lebanon, with a population of 3. Though Islam and the Arabic language were officially dominant under this new regime, the general populace nonetheless only gradually converted from Christianity and the Syriac language. In , following increasing sectarian tensions, a full-scale civil war broke out in Lebanon.